Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17/MAS17) was a scheduled international passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur which crashed on 17 July 2014 near Hrabove inDonetsk Oblast, Ukraine, approximately 40 km (25 mi) from the Ukraine–Russia border. All 283 passengers and 15 crew members on board the aircraft were killed.
The crash occurred in the conflict zone of the ongoing Donbass insurgency. According to American intelligence officials, the plane was shot down, but the origin of the missile could not be confirmed. The crash occurred one day after the United States announced a new round of sanctions on Russia for its role in the 2014 Ukrainian crisis.
Ukrainian Interior Ministry advisor Anton Gerashchenko stated that the aircraft was shot down at an altitude of 10,000 m (33,000 ft) by a Buk surface-to-air missile. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko called it an “act of terrorism.” In response, pro-Russian separatist rebels accused the Ukrainian government of shooting down the plane. Ukrainian security services claimed to have intercepted two phone conversations in which pro-Russian separatists discuss having just shot down a civilian plane with alleged GRU officers.
This is the second time a Malaysia Airlines aircraft has been involved in a serious incident in 2014, after Flight 370 disappeared en route to Beijing on 8 March 2014.
With 298 fatalities, MH 17 became the deadliest aviation incident since the 11 September 2001 attacks and the deadliest Boeing 777 hull-loss.